What is Topology

What is Topology

What is Topology

Topology defines the structure of the network of how all the components are interconnected to each other. There are two types of topology: physical and logical topology.

The physical topology is the geometric representation of all the nodes in a network.

Bus Topology

  • The bus topology is designed in such a way that all the stations are connected through a single cable known as a backbone cable.
  • Each node is either connected to the backbone cable by drop cable or directly connected to the backbone cable.
  • When a node wants to send a message over the network, it puts a message over the network. All the stations available in the network will receive the message whether it has been addressed or not.
  • The configuration of a bus topology is quite simpler as compared to other topologies.

Ring Topology

  • Ring topology is like a bus topology, but with connected ends.
  • The node that receives the message from the previous computer will retransmit to the next node.
  • The data flows in one direction, i.e., it is unidirectional.
  • The data flows in a single loop continuously known as an endless loop.

Star Topology

  • Star topology is an arrangement of the network in which every node is connected to the central hub, switch or a central computer.
  • The central computer is known as a server, and the peripheral devices attached to the server are known as clients.
  • Coaxial cable or RJ-45 cables are used to connect the computers.
  • Hubs or Switches are mainly used as connected devices in a physical star topology.
  • Star topology is the most popular topology in network implementation.

Tree topology

  • A tree topology combines the characteristics of bus topology and star topology.
  • A tree topology is a type of structure in which all the computers are connected with each other in a hierarchical fashion.
  • The top-most node in tree topology is known as a root node, and all other nodes are the descendants of the root node.
  • There is only one path exists between two nodes for the data transmission. Thus, it forms a parent-child hierarchy.

Mesh topology

  • Mesh technology is an arrangement of the network in which computers are interconnected with each other through various redundant connections.
  • There are multiple paths from one computer to another computer.
  • The Internet is an example of the mesh topology.
  • Mesh topology is mainly used for WAN implementations where communication failures are a critical concern.
  • Mesh topology is mainly used for wireless networks.

Hybrid Topology

  • The combination of various different topologies is known as Hybrid topology.
  • Hybrid topology is a connection between different links and nodes to transfer the data.
  • When two or more different topologies are combined together is termed as Hybrid topology and if similar topologies are connected with each other will not result in Hybrid topology. For example, if there exists a ring topology in one branch of ICICI bank and bus topology in another branch of ICICI bank, connecting these two topologies will result in Hybrid topology.

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